skin clinic in cardiff

Understanding Acne: Causes and Effective Treatment

Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide, regardless of age or gender. It can have significant physical and psychological effects on individuals, leading to lowered self-esteem and confidence. Fortunately, numerous treatments are available to manage acne, many of which can be obtained through pharmacies like Hopwoods Pharmacy in Cardiff, which offers acne treatment through the NHS Common Ailments Scheme in Wales.

In this blog, we will delve into the causes of acne and explore the range of treatments available to address this condition.

Understanding the Causes of Acne

Acne develops when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This blockage creates an ideal environment for the proliferation of bacteria, particularly Propionibacterium acnes, leading to inflammation and the formation of various types of acne lesions. Several factors contribute to the development of acne, including:

Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, especially during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, can increase sebum production, leading to acne flare-ups.

Genetics: Acne often runs in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the condition.

Excessive Sebum Production: Sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. Excessive sebum production can contribute to clogged pores and acne formation.


Bacterial Infection: The presence of bacteria, particularly Propionibacterium acnes, on the skin can exacerbate acne by triggering inflammation.

Diet: While the role of diet in acne development is still debated, some studies suggest that high-glycemic foods and dairy products may worsen acne in some individuals.

Stress: Stress can exacerbate acne by triggering hormonal changes that increase sebum production.

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Treatments Available at Hopwoods Pharmacy

Hopwoods Pharmacy in Cardiff offers a range of treatments for acne through the Common Ailments Scheme in Wales. These treatments aim to target the underlying causes of acne and alleviate its symptoms effectively. Some of the common treatments available include:

Over-the-Counter Topical Treatments: Topical treatments are often the first line of defence against acne. These products contain active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids, which help unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and prevent new acne lesions from forming. Hopwoods Pharmacy provides a variety of over-the-counter topical treatments suitable for different skin types and acne severity levels.

Prescription Medications: In some cases, acne may require prescription-strength medications to effectively manage symptoms. Hopwoods Pharmacy can facilitate the dispensing of prescription medications prescribed by healthcare professionals, including topical retinoids, oral antibiotics, and hormonal therapies. These medications target specific aspects of acne development, such as bacterial infection and hormonal imbalances.

Skincare Products: Proper skincare plays a crucial role in managing acne and preventing future breakouts. Hopwoods Pharmacy offers a selection of skincare products specifically formulated for acne-prone skin, including gentle cleansers, moisturisers, and sunscreens. These products are designed to cleanse the skin without stripping it of its natural oils and to provide hydration without clogging pores.

Lifestyle Modifications: Alongside medication and skincare products, making certain lifestyle modifications can help improve acne symptoms. Hopwoods Pharmacy provides guidance on lifestyle factors that may influence acne, such as diet, stress management, and proper skincare routines. By addressing these factors, individuals can complement their treatment regimen and optimise outcomes.

Professional Advice and Support: Hopwoods Pharmacy in Cardiff offers personalised advice and support to individuals dealing with acne. Pharmacists are trained to provide comprehensive consultations, assess acne severity, recommend suitable treatments, and monitor progress over time. This personalised approach ensures that individuals receive tailored solutions that meet their specific needs and preferences.

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Get Acne Treatment in Cardiff

Acne is a common skin condition that can have a significant impact on an individual's physical and emotional well-being. Fortunately, effective treatments are available to manage acne and improve skin health. Our skin clinic in Cardiff offers a range of acne treatments through the Common Ailments Scheme in Wales, including over-the-counter topical treatments, prescription medications, skincare products, lifestyle modifications, and professional advice and support. By addressing the underlying causes of acne and implementing appropriate treatment strategies, you can achieve clearer, healthier skin and regain your confidence and self-esteem. Contact us today to find out more or book an appointment.